Canada’s immigration laws for skilled workers wishing to become permanent residents are based on a point system that weighs an individual’s qualifications.
Points are awarded for each category in different amounts that, when added, determine if a person qualifies. Presently, the minimum number of points required to qualify is 67 out of a maximum of 100 points.
All Skilled (NOC 0, A, or B) professions are eligible. Candidates must have at least one year of full-time or continuous part-time experience in skilled work within the last ten years. Post-secondary education completed outside of Canada requires an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) report from an organization approved by Citizenship and Immigration Canada. Language proficiency in English and/or French must be tested by taking one of three approved tests: the IETLS, the CELPIP, or the TEF. Candidates must meet a minimum score of 7 on the Canadian Language Benchmarks in all four language competencies (speaking, listening, reading, and writing).
The intake of permanent resident applications through the Federal Skilled Worker Class (FSW) now operates under the Express Entry system, which was introduced in January 2015. A candidate seeking to apply for permanent residence through FSW must submit a profile on the Express Entry website. They are allocated points based on their profile and candidates with high points may be given an invitation to apply for permanent residence. Please see the Express Entry information page for more details. The points system used for Express Entry is not the same as the points system for determining a candidate’s eligibility for FSW.
Candidates will have to secure a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) from ESDC to have a realistic chance of being selected under the Express Entry system. Candidates with job offers can work with their employers to obtain their LMIAs, while candidates who are not in Canada can post their resume on a Federal Job Bank website which will be browsed by Canadian employers looking to recruit new employees.
Candidates must prove they have sufficient settlement funds unless they are currently authorized to work in Canada and also have a valid job offer from a Canadian employer. Please see the chart below for the amount of funds necessary.
We recommend booking a consultation with one of our lawyers to review your personal background and determine whether you qualify as a Skilled Worker.
For candidates who receive an invitation to apply for permanent residence, processing times for their application should now be within six months.
The Point System is divided in accordance with the following table:
In order to immigrate to Canada, applicants must demonstrate that they have sufficient settlement funds in the following amounts (2016):
You do not require settlement funds if you have a valid offer of arranged employment in Canada AND you are currently working or authorized to work in Canada.
The Links on the right hand column offer a brief overview of the Federal immigration categories available for permanent immigration to Canada.
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