As of November 10th 2016, visa-exempt foreign nationals who fly to or transit through Canada will require an Electronic Travel Authorization, or “ETA”. Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada introduced the new ETA requirement in March 2016. Up until November 9th 2016, travelers without an ETC can still board their flight as long as they have a valid travel documents. As of November 10th an ETA will be mandatory for some travelers to Canada. The Electronic Travel Authorization is electronically liked to your passport. It is valid for five years, or until the expiry date of your passport, whichever comes first.

Who Needs an ETA?

With the exception of United States citizens, all foreign nationals from visa-exempt countries will now require an ETA when travelling to Canada by air. Note that an ETA is only required for foreign nationals who are flying to Canada. If you are entering by land or sea, you do not require this authorization. You can view the full list of visa-exempt countries on the IRCC website.

Applying for an ETA

You should apply for an ETA online through the IRCC website prior to boarding your flight. The application fee is $7.00 CAD. You will need a credit card, valid email address and valid passport to complete the application.

Most applicants receive an approval by email within minutes of applying. However, if you have a criminal record, a serious medical condition, or a complicated immigration record, your ETA application could be delayed or even refused. If this applies to you, you may be asked to upload additional documents in support of your application, and processing will be delayed. If your application is refused, you may require a Temporary Resident Permit in order to enter Canada. Consult an immigration lawyer who can advise you on your admissibility.

Once your ETA is approved, you do not need to apply again for five years, or until you obtain a new passport. You will need to present the passport your ETA is linked to ever time you board a flight to Canada.

Canadian Dual Citizens and Permanent Residents

If you are a dual citizen of both Canada and a visa-exempt country, you are not eligible to apply for an ETA on your non-Canadian passport.  As of November 10th dual citizens will require proof of Canadian citizenship in order to travel to Canada by air. Proof of citizenship can include a valid Canadian passport, temporary Canadian passport, or emergency travel document. Note that this does not apply to dual American and Canadian citizens, who may still enter Canada with a valid U.S. passport and proper identification.

If you are a Permanent Resident of Canada, you cannot apply for an ETA. If you are returning to Canada by air as a Permanent Resident, you will be asked to provide your Permanent Resident card or permanent resident travel document.


Borders Law firm

Michael Freeman

The team at Borders - specifically Devika and Jenny - were an extraordinary support in navigating the Permanent Residency process. They were responsive and easily available, and incredibly detailed and thorough in their work. I strongly recommend them for anyone navigating the immigration process, and feel so grateful for their expertise and kindness that made a tricky process feel smooth.

Sarita Chai

Thank you, Thank you, Thank you!! Borders Law Firm has provided us with Excellent Service. Devika Penekelapati, John Yoon, Brendan Sheridan, Emily Gerhard, and Oliver Mao (I hope I did not forget anyone), have worked overtime to help our family get "PR" status. Borders Law Firm, made sure that our applications were filled out correctly and all required information was received on time. Borders Law Firm, has helped us to achieve a New Beginning. Thank you, for all of your help. The Chai Family

Satish Maduri

I had a very good experience with Borders Law Firm. Though my PR file was a bit complicated, Brendan, Andres and Devika worked extremely well in a thorough and perfect manner. I was so happy when my PR application was processed in a record-breaking 45 days, thanks to the meticulous handling of my case by the lawyers.

Amit Pandey

We wanted to write sincere thanks to John, Devika and Borders Law firm for the help throughout the process. John was extremely kind and thorough and he counselled with suitable options available for me on migration to Canada, documentation submissions, query resolutions, visa processing and continued personal support and follow up until the last step I am beyond grateful for their kindness and service. I will be using them for any changes to our companies immigration needs going forward. Would recommend this firm for anybody blindly looking for immigration help. They would guide you with complete transparency and professionalism. Thank you once again.

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